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John Moritz Library: Reports

Government & Agency Reports

General rules & Basic Structure

Reports fall into the category of gray literature. They often include research and primary source information/data, but they are not peer-reviewed. Often, no person author is listed. The agency, business, or organization is often both the author and publisher. You may describe the nature of the document in brackets

Author Date Title Publisher/agency DOI/URL

Author, A. A., & Author, B., B.

Group Name.


(2021, January 3).

Title of report.

Title of report (Report No. 123).

Title of gray literature [Description].

Publisher Name.

Organization Name.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021, February 12). COVID data tracker weekly review.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2020). Taking care of your behavioral health - Tips for social distancing, quarantine, and isolation during an infectious disease outbreak. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.


Government Document 

Name of Government Department, Agency or Committee. (Year of Publication, Month Day). Title of document: Subtitle if given (edition if given and is not first edition). Publisher Name. URL

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019). Antibiotic resistance threats in the United States.

In-Text Paraphrase

(Name of Government Department, Agency or Committee, Year)

Ex: (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2019, p. 6)

Narrative Example  A report from the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states that "while the burden of antibiotic-resistance threats in the United States was greater than initially understood, deaths are decreasing since the 2013 report" (2019, p. vii).

Press Release or Briefing
Note: these are treated similarly to reports, however, the bracketed description changes. If you are using the audio of a press briefing, your descriptor will reflect the change, and your URL should be to the audio file (if possible).
Press Release Example
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021, February 12). CDC food safety alert: CDC investigating fast-moving outbreak of Listeria infections [Press release].
Transcript Example
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021, February 12). CDC update on COVID-19 [Transcript].
Audio Recording Example
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021, February 12). CDC update on COVID-19 [Audio recording].
Legislative Documents

Transcript from a committee session:

Format Title of hearing, Legislative Resolution number. (Year). URL
Judiciary committee hearing transcript, LR295. (2015, October 9). Retrieved from
In-Text Paraphrase

(Title of hearing, Year)

Ex:(Judiciary committee hearing transcript, 2015)

Case or Court Decisions 
Format With Page Number
Name v. Name, Vol. U.S. Page (Year). URL
Format Without Page Number Name v. Name, Vol. U.S. ___ (Year). URL
Obergefell v. Hodges, 576 U.S. ___ (2015).
In-Text Paraphrase

(Name v. Name, Year)

Ex: (Obergefell v. Hodges, 2015)


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