Early screening and interventions for anxiety and its effects on oxygen conservation in adult COVID-19 patients: An evidence-based project
LEBBERT, Jessica, RING, Olivia, & ROSS, Kendra. (Summer 2022). On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared a global pandemic secondary to the novel coronavirus named severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), with the subsequent disease called COVID-19 (Deng et al., 2021; Parizad et al., 2021; Toulabi et al., 2021). The WHO (2022) reports over 450 million confirmed cases and over six million deaths associated with COVID-19 worldwide. Increased patient volumes and staff shortages force professionals to focus on the physiological symptoms of COVID-19, leaving mental health such as anxiety and depression overlooked. The project aimed to find evidence regarding adult COVID-19 patients' anxiety through early identification and management. The PICO question for the evidence-based project is: How does early screening and interventions for anxiety in adult COVID-19 patients affect the need for additional oxygen conservation measures? New understandings included benefits from music therapy, social support, guided imagery, and frequent evaluations for psychiatric disorders in hospitalized COVID-19 patients. Existing research showed that COVID-19 survivors suffer from psychological and/or mental health problems, anxiety being the most common (Sahoo et al., 2020). Implications for practice included the introduction of early identification of psychiatric disorders with frequent evaluations, music therapy, psychological-behavioral intervention (PBI) as a method for social support, and guided imagery to manage anxiety and pain. Future recommendations included studying psychiatric disorders and the effects on COVID-19 patient outcomes. Research studies conducted showed small sample sizes. Future research ideas included local partnering with leaders on COVID-19 units to implement research recommendations and test the results for future research.